Part 1: (00:00-4:05)
The Election of 1800
The election of 1800 pitted Federalist ______________, who was the incumbent president, against the Democratic-Republican challenger ___________________. One major difference between the two parties was that the Federalists believed in a strong _____________________, while the Democratic-Republicans believed in a loose confederation of _________. _______________ won this election for President while _______________ lost. This election set the very important precedent of______________________________________________________________________.
The Federalist-controlled Congress created the Judiciary Act of 1801, which created more _______________, which Adams filled with _______________. Federal judges are appointed for _______. Jefferson and the Democrat-Republicans were furious about this because________________________________________________________________________________.
Part 2: Lead up to Marbury v.Madison (4:06-6:08)
Adams’ Secretary of State,___________________, was supposed to deliver letters (commissions) to each of these new judges officially granting them their new judicial position. He left a few of the letters to be delivered by the new Secretary of State, ____________________. The new President, ______________________, told ______________ to hold the letters and not deliver them. _____________________ was one of those who did not receive his commission and he sued __________________, trying to force thedelivery of the commission.
Part 3: (6:09-End)
Three Big Questions
- Does Marbury have a right to his ________________?
- If he has a right, does he have a remedy? Re-write this question in your own words: __________________________________________________________________________?
- If he has a remedy, is that remedy a writ of mandamus by this Court granting him his commission?
The new Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, ___________________, delivered the ruling. This was the same Marshall who did not deliver Marbury’s letter in the first place.
The Court ruled that ______________ should be given his commission, but the Court could do nothing about it because the Supreme Court did not have ________________________. In other words, Marbury did not have the right to come straight to the Supreme Court. He should have gone through the lower courts first.
Marbury brought his case directly to the Supreme Court under a section of the_____________________. The Court ruled that section violated Article ____ of the Constitution. So, do we do when a law is in conflict with the Constitution? The Court ruled that if that happens, the __________________ wins. It was the first time this had ever happened.
This ruling created the precedent known as __________________________.
Judicial Review is the power of the courts to rule that a law is _____________________. Many say that it was this ruling that made the judicial branch a___________ branch of government. Others have said that it has allowed the Supreme Court to become _______________________.
“It is emphatically the province and duty of the judicial department to say what the law is.” —Chief Justice John Marshall
Explain Marshall’s words in your own words: ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________.
1.Do you think judicial review gives too much or the right amount of power to the judicial branch? Explain your answer.
2.Can the judicial branch truly check the other branches without the power of judicial review? Explain your answer.
3.What might have happened if the Court had ordered Marbury’s commission to be delivered and President Jefferson and Secretary of State Madison had refused?